This is the conclusion of the World War I Diary of Hezekiah Scovil Porter, begun in the previous post: The Complete World War I Diary of Hezekiah Scovil Porter - Part I, 1917. You can see images of the pages here: Hezekiah Scovil Porter's WWI Diary.

 

Hez's Diary
January 1, 1918 - July 22, 1918

Continuation of Page 21

Tuesday Jan 1st 1918
(in France)

Holiday. Fooled around all day. Down to Mlle. Alice this eve for tea. Another big time in the shack this evening.

Wednesday Jan. 2nd

Pistol practice this A.M. 

Afternoon off.

Thursday Jan 3rd

Change of company. Cold. Nothing doing.

Friday Jan 4th

On K.P. all day

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(There's a large space left before the next entry, as if he meant to go back and add something later, but did not.)

Saturday Jan 5th

Inspection this A.M. This P.M. off. Mail tonight.

Sunday Jan 6th

Fooled around all day.

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Monday Jan 7th

M.G. drill this A.M. + P.M. Also this P.M.

Tuesday Jan 8th

Sighting practice this A.M. Dentist this P.M.

Wednesday Jan 9th

Snowing. Target practice this A.M.  M.G. instruction this P.M.

Thursday Jan 10th

Snow. No drill. Target practice this P.M. Box from Polly (his sister).

Friday Jan 11th

On special detail this A.M. Sighting practice this P.M.

Saturday Jan 12th

Target practice this A.M. On guard at 1:30. Punk night.

Sunday 13th

Rain + snow. Off guard at 1:30. Y.M.C.A. this eve.

Monday Jan 14th

Drill this A.M. Target practice this P.M.

Tuesday Jan 15th

Pistol instruction. Rain  M.G. instruction.

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Wednesday Jan 16th

Pistol instruction.  M.G. also. Rain + warm.

Thursday Jan 17th

Gas drill this A.M.  Falling snow + stayed in quarters this P.M.

Friday Jan 18th

Warm. In quarters all day.

Saturday Jan 19th

In infirmary today another fellow with me.

Sunday Jan 20th

Still in (the infirmary)

Monday Jan 21st

Still in

Tuesday Jan 22nd

Still in – Bill Famely was let out today.  Mail tonight – box from Polly (his sister).

Wednesday Jan 23rd

Out (of the infirmary) this A.M. but in quarters.

Thursday Jan 24th

Were paid this A.M. On 500 range this P.M. Was in

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target trenches under fire.

Friday Jan 25th

M. G. drill this A.M and P.M. too.  Warm + fine day.

Saturday Jan 26th

On kitchen all day.

Sunday Jan 27th

Over to range at Concourt all day.  All M. guns in 26th div. on one range. Great sight.  Home late. Talk by Col. Parker

Monday Jan 28th

Same thing today. Home a little earlier

Tuesday Jan 29th

Same thing again.

Wednesday Jan 30th

Pistol practice this A.M.  Drill this P.M.

Thursday Jan 31st

On our range all day with M. Gs.

Friday Feb 1st

Drill this A.M. On range this P.M. digging

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implacements (sic) for guns.

Saturday Feb. 2nd

Co. went to range. Was supernumerary of guard so stayed home.  Fire this evening about 1 A.M.  Called to go on guard at 3:30 A.M.

Sunday Feb. 3rd

Great day. Off guard at 8 A.M. Wrote letters + read all day. Letter from Bill (Orvilla, his brother Phil's wife) this eve.

Monday Feb. 4th

Inspection + cleaning up this A.M. Cleaning and lecture this P.M.

Tuesday Feb. 5th

More cleaning and inspection this A.M.  Went to Neufchateau this P.M. + brought up Fords for Co.  Supper at Mlle. Alice’s this evening.

Wednesday Feb. 6th

Another trip to Neufchateau for Fords this A.M.  Worked on cars this P.M.

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Thursday Feb. 7th

More cleaning up. Worked on cars all rest of day.  Mine is fine shape now. Supper at Mlle. Alice’s this P.M.

Friday Feb 8th

On K.P.  Up at 4 A.M.  Company left for Lifol le Grand at 3 P.M.  Went with the kitchen.  Arrived there at about 6:30. Had to get supper, pack stuff on cars.  Off at 9:30 – some day.  Tried to sleep in barracks with no blankets, etc.

Saturday Feb. 9th

Up at 3:30 A.M.  Marched to station with junk & loaded it on cars.  Were off after breakfast at 6:30 A.M.  On box cars – 37 in ours.  Some crowd.  Rode all day. Slept but little

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Sunday Feb. 10th

Detrained at about 4 A.M. at Braisne. Unloaded our Fords etc.  Had breakfast + started out in Flivers. Ate dinner at a town all shot to pieces. Continued in afternoon thru wrecked towns + landed at CheVregny. Town completely wrecked – not a house left.  I Live in barracks – some in dugouts. Got a better sleep.

Monday Feb. 11th

Fine Day.  Went around town exploring trenches + dugouts.

Tuesday Feb. 12th

Fine day. Drill this A.M. Moved into different barracks this P.M.  Saw a Boch (a slang term, of various spellings, for German) airplane bring down an observation balloon.

Wednesday Feb. 13th

Drill for gas this A.M. + with guns. Drill + short hike this P.M.

Thursday Feb. 14th

Gas drill + short hike this A.M. Drill with guns

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This P.M.

Friday Feb. 15th

Gas drill + gun drill this A.M. Went on guard at 4:30 P.M. Cold tonight

Saturday Feb. 16th

Cold. Off guard at 4:30 this P.M.  Appointed a driver again.  The Company went to trenches tonight.  Bob Skinner drove my car up.

Sunday Feb. 17th

Fine day.  Took an all day walk + went nearly to 3rd lines.  Saw a German plane brought down this A.M.

Monday Feb. 18th

Worked on cars all day. Fooled around.

Tuesday Feb. 19th

Fussed with Flivers all day.  Nothing much doing for us.

Wednesday Feb. 20th

On K.P. all day.  Mail tonight – 3 letters.

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Thursday Feb. 21st

Worked on cars this A.M.

Worked in kitchen grinding coffee this P.M.

Friday Feb. 22nd

Fussed on cars. Nothing much doing.

Saturday Feb 23rd

Same old stunt.  No excitement.

Sunday Feb. 24th

Worked on cars this A.M.

On guard this P.M.

Monday Feb. 25th

Off guard at 5 P.M.

Tuesday Feb. 26th

Worked on cars all day. The Bosch (slang for Germans, same as "Boch" above) shot down a balloon that was up over our heads here this P.M. Some noise.

Wednesday Feb 27th

On K.P. all day.  Drove up to front this eve – took some “C” men up + brought back some of our fellows – they returned tonight. Awful night. Dark as pitch – raining hard.

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Thursday Feb. 28th

Nothing much doing today.  Worked on cars some this P.M. Got orders tonight to be ready to go to Front tomorrow.

Friday March 1st

Spent most of day getting ready + packing up to go.  Order came about 6 P.M. that they didn’t need me.  Heard Dr. Shankin of Wesleyan speak this eve over in dug out.  Snowing + cold – not so sorry I’m not going.

Saturday March 2nd

Snowing + blowing + cold. Short drill this A.M. Nothing doing this P.M.

Sunday March 3rd

Punk day – nothing doing.

Monday Mar. 4th

Drill this A.M. Snow. Short hike this P.M.

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Tuesday Mar. 5th

Drill this A.M. On guard at 1:30.

Wednesday Mar. 6th

Fine day – warm

Off guard at 1:30

Thursday Mar 7th

Fine day. Drill this A.M. Hike this P.M.

Friday Mar. 8th

Warm + like spring. Drill this A.M. Played ball + quakes this P.M. (Quakes may be a form of craps.)

Saturday Mar 9th.

Calisthenics this A.M. General clean up. Inspection this P.M.

Sunday Mar. 10th

Packing + cleaning up. Getting ready to go to trenches again. Company left this P.M. Drove up one car, came back with some “C” men.  Was driven back again.  Meantime guns set up.  On gun guard soon as back. Quietly off at 12:30 A.M. Up again at 4:45 A.M. to

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Monday Mar. 11th

stand to. Breakfast + to bed. Gun guard + digging at 11:30 A.M. Relieved at 4:30 P.M. Not much excitement.

Tuesday Mar. 12th

Gun guards at 1:30 A.M. off at 7:00 A.M. Gas guard at (12 over 4 or 4 over 12) 30 A.M.

Wednesday Mar. 13th

Some gas + a few shells this A.M.  Off guard at 4:30 P.M. Out at 7:00 – find (sic) until 9:30. On gun guard at 1:30 – off at 7:00 A.M.

Thursday Mar. 14th

Guard again at 4:30 off at 8 P.M. On again at 1:30 A.M. off at 7 A.M.

Friday Mar. 15th

On guard from 12:30 – 4:30 and from 8 – 1:30 P.M.

Mar. 16th 1918

On again from 12:30 P.M. to 4:30 P.M. heavy gas shelling.  Packed up + left for Vregny

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Sunday Mar. 17th

On K.P. all day. Worked hard.

Monday Mar. 18th

Rolled packs – in cars + off at 9 A.M. Drove to one station beyond Soissons – dinner – loaded cars + luggage on train. Off at about 4:30 P.M. In box cars – no sleep.

Tuesday Mar. 19th

Up at 7 A.M. Unloaded cars + luggage – breakfast – off again overland at 9 A.M. Brienne le Chateau to Fontaine. Nice little town.  On guard + drew “orderly.” Couple of luxurious chateaus – officers quarters. Whole bunch of us quartered in a big old mill.

Wednesday Mar. 20th

Off guard at 1:00 P.M. Went to Bar sur Aube – great town. Good feed etc.

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Thursday Mar. 21st

Inspection this A.M.

Hike up a mountain here this P.M. Went to town – had a good feed and went to “movies”

Friday Mar. 22nd

Short drill this A.M. Played ball. Spent rest of day packing up. Swim.

Saturday Mar. 23rd

Fine day. Up at 5:15 rolled packs and off at 8 A.M. Rode about 10 miles. Beautiful country. Stopped at Colombey (Colomby) – slept in a regular bed with “Bob” + “Dock”. Great sleep.

Sunday Mar 24th

Moved out at about 10 A.M. Stopped at Vignory – all put up in a big barn. Downtown in evening. Took a walk – Old

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Castle on hill. Slept in hay.

Monday Mar. 25th

Up early and off at 7 A.M. Stopped at St. Blin. Expect to stay here a while. Spent day in straightening out.

Tuesday Mar. 26th

Cleaned up this A.M. for inspection. Took a bath this P.M.

Wednesday Mar. 27th

Cleaned up billets + guns + pistols for inspection. Dental inspection this P.M.

Thursday Mar. 28th

General show down inspection lasting all day. Ball game with 104th this P.M. Went over to see Ken Page at Manois this evening. Also saw Hersey from Kent. Had a good time.

Friday Mar. 29th

Rain. Did some packing this A.M.

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Nothing much doing.

Saturday Mar. 30th

Rain. Nothing much doing. Got day off. Went over to Manois but 104th had gone.

Sunday Mar. 31st Easter.

Rain. Went to services at Y.M.C.A. Read this P.M. Went to Y.M. this eve.

Monday April 1st

Rain. Up at 3:45 A.M. Packed + ready to start at 5:50 A.M. 1st platoon off in Fr. Trucks. Rode all day through Neuf-Chateau + Toul. Hiked about 2 ½ miles to camp at Menil la Tour. Mud a foot deep all around. On guard worst luck. Punk night. Borden was a picnic side of this place.

Tuesday April 2nd

Rain but clearing at noon. Off guard at 11:30 A.M. American Sector here. Regulars. Balloon. Menil la Tour

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Wednesday April 3rd

Cloudy. Nothing much doing. Down to Menil this P.M. with Bill Hart + had supper – eggs + wine.

Thursday Apr. 4th

Cloudy + rain. Played cards all day.

Friday Apr. 5th

Fine day. Played cards.

Cleaned guns + pistols.

Saturday April 6th

Cloudy Nothing much doing.

Sunday Apr. 7th

Rain + cloudy. On K.P. all day.

Monday Apr. 8th

Rain hard. Played cards + read all day.

Tuesday Apr. 9th

Rain. Cards this A.M. Worked this P.M. on road.

Wednesday Apr. 10th

On guard at 1:00 P.M.

Thursday Apr. 11th

Off guard at

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At 1 P.M.  Gas scare last night. Slept + took bath this afternoon. Went to “movies” at Y.M. in evening.

Friday Apr. 12th

Orderly today. Nothing much doing. Bunch off on hurry call.

Saturday Apr. 13th

Worked on incinerator today. Short drill this P.M. Cards.

Sunday Apr. 14th

On K.P. all day

Monday Apr. 15th

Rainy. Cleaned guns. Cards. Read. Report that boys got two guns from Bosch (Germans).

Tuesday Apr. 16th

Rain. Gas drill. Read Cards Wrote.

Wednesday Apr. 17th

Cards + read this A.M. On guard at 1 P.M. Bunch came back this evening. Were in a hot place

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lots of exciting stories. Brought back all sorts of German souvenirs.

Thursday Apr. 18th

Off guard at 1 P.M. Took bath this P.M. Read + wrote.

Friday Apr. 19th

Rainy. Orderly today. Nothing much doing. Inspection.

Saturday Apr. 20th

Quite noisy. Gas this A.M. at 5 o’clock. All prepared to go at any minute. Cleaned ammunition this P.M. Slept alert this evening.

Sunday Apr. 21st

Rainy. Church this A.M. Read. Mail from home.

Monday Apr. 22nd

Big attack on this front 102 + 104 lost lot of men.  All packed + ready any time to move. Expected a call last night. Have to sleep with clothes

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on now. Rainy.

Tuesday Ap. 23rd

Sun for short time now rain. Short drill this A.M. Nothing much doing. Couple fellows from 102nd told of experiences this P.M.

Wednesday Apr. 24th

Rain. Short drill this A.M. Nothing doing.

Thursday Apr. 25th

Sun. Short drill. Hard rain this P.M.

Friday Apr. 26th

Nothing doing this A.M. Short drill this P.M.

Ball game. Hurry call about 6 P.M. Off in a short time + had long ride. Landed at a place near St. Agnan + after walk of about 3 miles with equipment Set up guns in woods. Went back to P. C. on ration detail. Early morning when

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back to Positions.

Saturday Apr. 27th

Slept little last night. Have to stay in open trenches – no shelter or dugouts. Sun shone all day + we slept.

Sunday Apr. 28th

On guard and at 3 A.M. we got S. O. S. signal. We fired a 11 minute barrage and they say it was good. Cloudy and started to rain this P.M. Raining hard, all soaked , mud. Awful night. Another S.O.S. at 11 P.M. and we fired another barrage – short one. Lot of artillery action.

Monday Apr 29th

All look like drowned rats this A.M. Rain still. Wet, hungry, cold. Sneaked down to infantry dugout this A.M. + got warm. Cleared off. Half of crowd went to dugouts in

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rear.  We were relieved at 8 P.M. Went on food detail this P.M. Awful long + rough walk. 2 miles. Dugout pretty good. Fire in it. Turned in about 12 o’clock – dead tired.

Tuesday Apr. 30th

Pretty good sleep. Up to guns at 8 A.M.  Weather clear. Slept a little this P.M. All pulled out of this hole at 9 P.M. Left six guns in new posts with four men on each. Rest of us went on to Liouville. Quarters good – good supplies. Staying in old wine cellar underground. One + ½ mi. to lines. Town not hurt much – some people here – pro-Germans. On guard to 11 P.M. Our bunch carry food to men on outposts.

Wednesday May 1st

Rain. Nothing much doing. Off guard

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at 11 P.M.

Thursday May 2

Fine day. Sunshine – quite warm. On food detail this A.M. Went in old church here. Very pretty for little town. Rolled packs this P.M. 102nd relieved us this evening. Left here about 12 o’clock and went to (left blank).

Friday May 3rd

Got up late. Feeling punk. Nothing doing all day. Moved into private billet this evening. 6 of us in one room good beds.

Saturday May 4th

Weather still good. Pretty town. Paid today. On guard at 1 P.M. Feed tonight.

Sunday May 5th

Off guard this A.M. Went over to Aulnois to Yale Mobile Hosp. Unit this P.M.  Saw Len Beadle +

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Jes Willard. Bud Clark wasn’t in. Rained this P.M. Had supper with Pete Sargent.

Monday May 6th

Fine day. On fatigue. Nothing much doing. Feed this evening.

Tuesday May 7th

On K.P. all day. Letter from Irene Plige from Merrifield.  Co. B played ball with 103rd Eng.  after supper, beat them 5-0.

Wednesday May 8th

Rain. Wrote letters + played cards. Feed tonight.

Thursday May 9th

Inspected this A.M. Lot of fellows had to go to hospital + get a scrub + a rub.

Friday Mar 10th (May 10)

Pretty good day. Nothing much doing. Ike had to leave us today. Ben Baum

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is up with us now. Feed tonight.

Saturday Mar. 11th (May 11)

Warm day. Nothing much doing. In P.M. went to Yale Unit, saw Bud Clark, Ken + Jess. Storm came up + I stayed to supper.

Sunday Mar. 12th (May 12)

Went to communion service held by Dr. Miel + later to mass meeting. Ball game this P.M. Tie score in 7th + had to call game because of rain. Band of 103 + YMCA girls there

Monday May 13th

Wrote letters. Walk this P.M. Played cards all evening.

Tuesday May 14th

Nothing much doing this A.M. Cleaned guns this P.M. Practice game of ball.

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Wednesday. May 15

Wrote letters. Went in gas house this A.M. Bath this P.M.

Thursday May 16th

Warm day. Walked up on hill this A.M. Played ball this afternoon with 102nd. Ball game this evening with Yale Mobile Unit score 6-2 our favor. Rode over in cars.

Friday May 17th

Nothing doing this A.M. Warm day.

Saturday May 18th

Fine day. Ball game this P.M. with 103rd. Won again. 101st Band.

Sunday May 19th

On K.P. all day. Ball game with 101st eng. got trimmed. Rain.

Monday May 20th

Warm day. Ball game 2nd team U.S. 103rd. Won again. Good game.

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Tuesday May 21st

Fine day. News of moving. On guard Pack up this P.M. Farewell supper at Rose’s. Out at 7 P.M. Beautiful ride thru woods. Warm, still, moonlight. Off at Ausonville. Part of Co. took up positions. Rest of us back to the old swamp again. Slept in car.

Wednesday May 22nd

Beautiful weather. Pitched pup tents in woods. Went over to see Elsie Janis in outdoor entertainment by Y. M. She sure did give us all a great time. Northy and Stan went up to front this evening.

Thursday May23rd

On K.P. all day. Hard day – lots of work.

Friday May 24th

Colder. Rainy. On guard at 1:00 P.M. Corp. (corporal) of guard. Nothing much doing.

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Saturday May 25th

Nothing doing this P.M. Off guard at 1.0 P.M. Took bath. Walk to Sanzy.

Sunday May 26th

Down to Menil la Tour this P.M. Ball game with 101st Eng. Boxing, band. On guard this evening.

Monday May 27th

Off guard at 1:00 P.M. Nothing doing.

Tuesday May 28th

Saw Wood – Olive Wood’s brother from E. City. On guard at 1. P.M.

Wednesday May 29th

Off guard at 1. P.M. Down to Menil la Tour  after supper. Minstrel show, band. Dixie + I went to Royaumix to see couple Lieutenants. Fine time.

Thursday May. 30th

Went to Bouque this P.M. in Trucks. Punk

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ball game and punk boxing bouts.

May 31st Friday

On K.P. all day.

June 1st Saturday

Nothing much doing all day. Ball game this evening with engineers.

June 2nd Sunday

Paid this A.M. Took walk this P.M. Saw ball game. Went to concert this evening. Miss Kerne – Metropolitan soprano. 101st band.

June 3rd Monday

Played cards this P.M. Down to Menil la Tour  + Rayoumix. Over to Lieut. Kramer’s place.

June 4th Tuesday

On K.P. all day. Feel pretty punk.

June 5th Wednesday

Down to Y.M. this A.M. Played cards this afternoon.

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Ball game + show this evening at camp Snelling.

June 6th Thursday

Sick. In bed all day.

Friday June 7th

In bed this A.M. Up a short time this afternoon. Back to bed early.

Saturday June 8th

Loafed around most of day. Ball game this P.M. with old Co. A.

Sunday June 9th

Hung around. Walked to Royaumix this A.M. Ball game this P.M. concert band + speaker after supper.

Monday June 10th

Came up to front tonight + took Morril’s place. In big woods.

Tuesday June 11th

Played cards. Pretty good place up here.

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mail tonight.

Wednesday June 12th

All had to “stand to” from 2 A.M. on. Some big shells dropped very close. Slept all morning. Came home this evening. Shelled road while we were walking down to Bernicourt. One darn close call.

Thursday June 13th

Up rather late. Took baths this P.M. + got cloths. Down to show this evening.

Friday June 14th

To Y.M.C.A. this A.M. Had pictures taken this P.M.

Saturday June 15th

3rd platoon came back last night. Band concert at 51st brigade hdq.

Sunday June 16th

Shelled Royaumix this A.M. Church service

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Y.M. this P.M.

Monday June 17th

Rain. On working detail beyond Mandrais. Nothing doing this P.M.

Tuesday June 18th

On K.P. all day. S.A. this evening Pie + coffee.

Wednesday June 19th

Shelled Royaumix again this A.M. Short order drill.

Thursday June 20th

Rainy. Short drill. Got pictures this eve. Stopped at S.A. and got pie and coffee.

Friday June 21st

Cleaned guns. Short drill. Inspection of guns + exercises this P.M.

Saturday June 22nd

Rainy. On working detail near Mandrais this A.M. Took

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baths over near Bouque this P.M.

Sunday June 23rd

Church this A.M.

On guard at 1 P.M.

Monday June 24th

Off guard at 1 P.M. Short drill. On working detail all afternoon. Ball game

Tuesday June 25th

Packed up and cleaned up whole camp this A.M. Left this P.M. for Foug. Nice town – quite large. In good barracks.

Wednesday June 26th

Went to Toul (Dommartin-les-Toul) – walked in. Great dinner – nice town – wonderful feed at Y.M.C.A. for supper. Stopped on way back to see 82nd Div. 5 miles over. Pretty tired but had great time. Good bath here in morning. Went thru ammunition factory here.

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Thursday June 27

Took walk this A.M. + P.M. Thru factories. K. Page came over this evening.

Friday June 28

Walked around all day – beaucoup de bus.

Saturday June 29th

Packed up this A.M. + rode short dist. to Void. Large town but nothing doing. Had swim. Prommenade (sic) ce soir.

Sunday June 30th

Up early for breakfast. Started on journey at 6:30 stopped at Vitrey le François. Good ride was lot of country. Large town – pretty – good time ce soir.

Monday July 1

Up early + early start – long ride to Coulommes. Saw lot of country – farming

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aviation – camps. In late. Good supper at one of houses. Pup tent camp.

Tuesday July 2nd

Walk this A.M. After wood with truck. Great dusty ride. 18 miles from Paris.

Wednesday July 3rd

Moved tents. Nothing much doing all day.

Thursday July 4th

On K.P. no rations till 3 P.M. Only coffee for dinner. Paid at 5:30. Great feed at house with couple fellows. Everybody happy ce soir.

Friday July 5th

Nothing doing all day. Had a wonderful feed this eve at 5:30 P.M. at farmhouse. Broke camp + loaded on cars at 8 P.M. On trucks. Rode till 10:30 P.M. Held up in La Ferte until 5:30 A.M. Met 59th going in.

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Saturday July 6th

Slept in Fr. taxis parked in square. Started off at 5:30 + went about 2 mi. to next town. Stayed here all day. Slept – only cup of coffee to eat.  Pulled out at 5 P.M. Stayed up in patch of wood till dark – then came up here to woods on road to Chateau Thierry. Supper at 12 o’clock. Slept in shallow pits in ground.

Sunday July 7th

Spent morning improving our holes to sleep in. Dr Hesselgrave came up this P.M.

Monday July 8th

Nothing much doing all day. Played cards.

Tuesday July 9th

Made our dugout bomb-proof. Played cards.

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Wednesday July 10th

Nothing doing in particular. Played cards. Rainy.

Thursday June 11th

Rainy. Nothing doing.

Friday July 12th

No excitement. Rainy, muddy.

Saturday July 13th

Rainy. Went into Montreul this A.M. to infirmary. Saw kitchen. Packed up this eve and moved about mile farther toward line in another woods. Hiked. Had to “stand to” all night with rest of division in expectation of attack. Nothing doing. Cold.

Sunday July 14th

Got settled in new place this A.M. Pup tents in wood. Slept most all day

Monday July 15th

Cleaned up the place.

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Gas mask inspection and drill this P.M. Went after straw after supper. Hell broke loose soon after in bed. All up + had to roll rolls in the dark. Hell of a time. Stand to all night + then nothing doing.

Tuesday July 16th

Slept most of day. Rain. Pistol inspection + drill. M.G. inspection.

Wednesday July 17th

Rain. Nothing much doing all day. Most of crowd left for front tonight. Corporal + 3 men from each squad. Thunder showers most of night. Say they had a tough night of it.

Thursday July 18th

Nothing doing all day. Rest of us got orders to move up to-night. Carried grub from cars to bunch with full

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pack. Hell of a racket. Laying around in woods.

Friday July 19th

Sat around all day in same place. Moved out tonight. Back in trucks to same old place. Late supper.

Saturday July 20th

Pitched shelter halfs this A.M. Nothing doing all day. Good reports from front. All got baths this P.M. We needed them.

Sunday July 21st

Up + rolled packs before breakfast.

 


And that is the end. There is no more to Hezekiah Scovil Porter's diary, save some brief notes on where he served, in someone else's handwriting.

On Monday, July 22, 1918, his unit went into battle, and Hez was killed.

From Yale in the World War (George Henry Nettleton, Yale University Press, 1925; pages 324-325), quoting a letter written shortly afterwards by a "Yale classmate and comrade-in-arms," comes this description of his death:

Two guns had been placed in a wood, and ammunition was needed. "Hez" was one of the detail to take it up. They had to cross a wheat field, and a splinter [shrapnel] caught him square in the chest.

History of the 101st Machine Gun Battalion has a longer description of the action from the "War Diary of a Machine Gunner," compiled from the field diaries of several of the soldiers by the Rev. Charles E. Hesselgrave, a Congregational minister serving overseas with the YMCA.

JULY 22. At daybreak both companies were sent out into some woods overlooking Trugny to assist the attack of Major Rau's battalion against the town. We could not locate any enemy to fire at, and the best we could do was to wait to protect Rau's left against possible counter- attack. We were shelled and M. G. bullets flew pretty thick. Bristol of C Co. was wounded. After a while the attack crumbled in spite of Rau's gallant efforts against impossible odds, and the troops were withdrawn to the old positions. A little later C Co. was sent over to the right to join Rau. There they found him with only a few of his men left. The guns were set up on the edge of the wood in a defensive position. B Co. got orders to support an attack of the 102d Inf. on the town of Epieds over on the left flank. The company formed a fourth wave behind the infantry, and spread out into a long skirmish line. The advance started over the open wheat field at a slow walk, with frequent halts during which each man flattened out so tliat no moving thing was visible in the field. M. G. bullets began to kick up little puffs of dust all around us, and the enemy artillery barrage came down fiercely just ahead. We knew we would have to go through this, and every nerve was tense. We soon found ourselves in the midst of it—direct fire at that, mostly from one pounders, and 105's and Austrian 88's which come with the shriek of a thousand devils. The fumes choked us and the concussions half stunned us. It was here that Hez Porter, following his platoon leader, was instantly killed. Corcoran, Dick and Wendt were wounded. An infantry captain just ahead called frantically to us to put an enemy M. G. out of business. He pointed out a pile of barrels where the gun was supposed to be hidden, and two guns of Lt. Sandberg's platoon, Sgt. Hart's section, went into action in the edge of some woods and peppered the spot for some time. It was here that the whole attack was checked, and we got word from the infantry that it was pulling back and that we should do the same on our own hook. The company was drawn to the left into cover of woods, reformed, and sent back, skirting around a rise for concealment. We assembled in a patch of wood a little way back and waited for possible counter-attack and to cover the withdrawal of the doughboys if necessary. They came filtering back, bringing their wounded with them, and soon we were also returned to our old place where the guns were set up to repel any attack that might come from the left. Dr. Hesselgrave appeared with cigarettes and chocolate which was indeed welcome, as we had nothing to eat. This was not a healthy place for the Doctor to be in, but we knew he would come to us when we needed him most. There was a dressing-station near us, and it was awful to see the wounded and shell-shocked fellows brought in. About 6 p. m. the Boche put down a fearful artillery barrage close in front of us, and we were pulled back a hundred yards to escape the effects of this fire. A detail had been digging a grave for Porter, but were unable to finish. A bit later, orders came from Division that we would go back into reserve for a time. We thought our troubles were about over for that day, but were mistaken. Down on the road near Champluisant Farm, just east of Sacerie, our machines were lined up, waiting to take us out, and as we were loading up there came the familiar shriek and two shell burst in the field close by. A moment later there came a deafening blast—all was confusion. Two more shell had exploded together right among our cars. Two of them were overturned. We got the wounded into cars as quickly as possible but, to make matters worse, a mule-cart had become wedged in the road ahead and blocked all traffic, so we could not move out. Finally the way was cleared and the cars with the wounded made for the first-aid station at Sacerie Farm. Harold Smith and Ralph Henry of B Co. died. Brackett, Weld, Olschefskie, Hampson, Haskins, Barber, Maun, Rogers, Burden, Fothergill, Mercer, Burnham, Sancyzk of B Co. and Fabryk of C Co. wounded. Robinson and Gunning of B Co. shell-shocked. Our cars had been doing fine service most all day in taking out wounded. Two of C Co's cars were hit and one wrecked. At last we found ourselves in bivouac in the woods.

JULY 25. ... A detail went back and buried Porter.

More details about his burial are from the Geni genealogical website entry for Hezekiah Scovil Porter, compiled, I believe, by Charles E. Rounds, Jr., grandson of Hezekiah's brother, Philip Wells Porter.

A photograph of the temporary gravesite is in the possession of Charles E. Rounds, Jr., 107 Mt. Vernon St., Boston, MA 02108 (2013). In the photograph are two of his comrades who had survived the battle. One is from Wethersfield, Connecticut (State Street) and one is from Waterbury, Vermont. The Vermonter is Wagoner Arthur A Barlow, a farmer, who was born Aug. 10, 1895. The Connecticut man is Sergeant Everett H. Hart, born July 10, 1894, who in civilian life had been a "member" of the Chas. C. Hart Seed Co. Bordering the field, just beyond the grave-site, is a thick forest of mostly birch saplings. The underbrush is heavy.

In a letter. dated July 27, 1918, more details of the initial "make-shift" interment of the remains of Hezekiah Scovil Porter are communicated in a letter from his commanding officer (Philip S. Wainwright) to Whitney Scovil Porter (one of Hezekiah's brothers): "...The grave is marked near the head by a cross-shaped blaze on a tree with "Hezekiah S. Porter--101st. M.G.B. U.S.A.--July 22d, 1918" carved into the wood. His helmet is also placed at the head on a bayonet with his name scratched on it. I removed his wallet which contained a small sum of French money and his diamond ring, which was all the personal property we could find." [The referenced wallet, which is bloodstained, is in the possession of William Porter Wightman, grandson of the said Whitney Scovil Porter (2017)].

Hez's remains were later retrieved and given a permanent resting place in the Oise-Aisne American Cemetery, Fere-en-Tardenois (Aisne), France: Plot A, Row 4, Grave 18.

Requiescat in pace, Hezekiah Scovil Porter.

This is the conclusion of the World War I Diary of Hezekiah Scovil Porter, begun in the previous post: The Complete World War I Diary of Hezekiah Scovil Porter - Part I, 1917. You can see images of the pages here: Hezekiah Scovil Porter's WWI Diary.

 

Hez's Diary
January 1, 1918 - July 22, 1918

Continuation of Page 21

Tuesday Jan 1st 1918
(in France)

Holiday. Fooled around all day. Down to Mlle. Alice this eve for tea. Another big time in the shack this evening.

Wednesday Jan. 2nd

Pistol practice this A.M. 

Afternoon off.

Thursday Jan 3rd

Change of company. Cold. Nothing doing.

Friday Jan 4th

On K.P. all day

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(There's a large space left before the next entry, as if he meant to go back and add something later, but did not.)

Saturday Jan 5th

Inspection this A.M. This P.M. off. Mail tonight.

Sunday Jan 6th

Fooled around all day.

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Monday Jan 7th

M.G. drill this A.M. + P.M. Also this P.M.

Tuesday Jan 8th

Sighting practice this A.M. Dentist this P.M.

Wednesday Jan 9th

Snowing. Target practice this A.M.  M.G. instruction this P.M.

Thursday Jan 10th

Snow. No drill. Target practice this P.M. Box from Polly (his sister).

Friday Jan 11th

On special detail this A.M. Sighting practice this P.M.

Saturday Jan 12th

Target practice this A.M. On guard at 1:30. Punk night.

Sunday 13th

Rain + snow. Off guard at 1:30. Y.M.C.A. this eve.

Monday Jan 14th

Drill this A.M. Target practice this P.M.

Tuesday Jan 15th

Pistol instruction. Rain  M.G. instruction.

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Wednesday Jan 16th

Pistol instruction.  M.G. also. Rain + warm.

Thursday Jan 17th

Gas drill this A.M.  Falling snow + stayed in quarters this P.M.

Friday Jan 18th

Warm. In quarters all day.

Saturday Jan 19th

In infirmary today another fellow with me.

Sunday Jan 20th

Still in (the infirmary)

Monday Jan 21st

Still in

Tuesday Jan 22nd

Still in – Bill Famely was let out today.  Mail tonight – box from Polly (his sister).

Wednesday Jan 23rd

Out (of the infirmary) this A.M. but in quarters.

Thursday Jan 24th

Were paid this A.M. On 500 range this P.M. Was in

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target trenches under fire.

Friday Jan 25th

M. G. drill this A.M and P.M. too.  Warm + fine day.

Saturday Jan 26th

On kitchen all day.

Sunday Jan 27th

Over to range at Concourt all day.  All M. guns in 26th div. on one range. Great sight.  Home late. Talk by Col. Parker

Monday Jan 28th

Same thing today. Home a little earlier

Tuesday Jan 29th

Same thing again.

Wednesday Jan 30th

Pistol practice this A.M.  Drill this P.M.

Thursday Jan 31st

On our range all day with M. Gs.

Friday Feb 1st

Drill this A.M. On range this P.M. digging

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implacements (sic) for guns.

Saturday Feb. 2nd

Co. went to range. Was supernumerary of guard so stayed home.  Fire this evening about 1 A.M.  Called to go on guard at 3:30 A.M.

Sunday Feb. 3rd

Great day. Off guard at 8 A.M. Wrote letters + read all day. Letter from Bill (Orvilla, his brother Phil's wife) this eve.

Monday Feb. 4th

Inspection + cleaning up this A.M. Cleaning and lecture this P.M.

Tuesday Feb. 5th

More cleaning and inspection this A.M.  Went to Neufchateau this P.M. + brought up Fords for Co.  Supper at Mlle. Alice’s this evening.

Wednesday Feb. 6th

Another trip to Neufchateau for Fords this A.M.  Worked on cars this P.M.

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Thursday Feb. 7th

More cleaning up. Worked on cars all rest of day.  Mine is fine shape now. Supper at Mlle. Alice’s this P.M.

Friday Feb 8th

On K.P.  Up at 4 A.M.  Company left for Lifol le Grand at 3 P.M.  Went with the kitchen.  Arrived there at about 6:30. Had to get supper, pack stuff on cars.  Off at 9:30 – some day.  Tried to sleep in barracks with no blankets, etc.

Saturday Feb. 9th

Up at 3:30 A.M.  Marched to station with junk & loaded it on cars.  Were off after breakfast at 6:30 A.M.  On box cars – 37 in ours.  Some crowd.  Rode all day. Slept but little

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Sunday Feb. 10th

Detrained at about 4 A.M. at Braisne. Unloaded our Fords etc.  Had breakfast + started out in Flivers. Ate dinner at a town all shot to pieces. Continued in afternoon thru wrecked towns + landed at CheVregny. Town completely wrecked – not a house left.  I Live in barracks – some in dugouts. Got a better sleep.

Monday Feb. 11th

Fine Day.  Went around town exploring trenches + dugouts.

Tuesday Feb. 12th

Fine day. Drill this A.M. Moved into different barracks this P.M.  Saw a Boch (a slang term, of various spellings, for German) airplane bring down an observation balloon.

Wednesday Feb. 13th

Drill for gas this A.M. + with guns. Drill + short hike this P.M.

Thursday Feb. 14th

Gas drill + short hike this A.M. Drill with guns

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This P.M.

Friday Feb. 15th

Gas drill + gun drill this A.M. Went on guard at 4:30 P.M. Cold tonight

Saturday Feb. 16th

Cold. Off guard at 4:30 this P.M.  Appointed a driver again.  The Company went to trenches tonight.  Bob Skinner drove my car up.

Sunday Feb. 17th

Fine day.  Took an all day walk + went nearly to 3rd lines.  Saw a German plane brought down this A.M.

Monday Feb. 18th

Worked on cars all day. Fooled around.

Tuesday Feb. 19th

Fussed with Flivers all day.  Nothing much doing for us.

Wednesday Feb. 20th

On K.P. all day.  Mail tonight – 3 letters.

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Thursday Feb. 21st

Worked on cars this A.M.

Worked in kitchen grinding coffee this P.M.

Friday Feb. 22nd

Fussed on cars. Nothing much doing.

Saturday Feb 23rd

Same old stunt.  No excitement.

Sunday Feb. 24th

Worked on cars this A.M.

On guard this P.M.

Monday Feb. 25th

Off guard at 5 P.M.

Tuesday Feb. 26th

Worked on cars all day. The Bosch (slang for Germans, same as "Boch" above) shot down a balloon that was up over our heads here this P.M. Some noise.

Wednesday Feb 27th

On K.P. all day.  Drove up to front this eve – took some “C” men up + brought back some of our fellows – they returned tonight. Awful night. Dark as pitch – raining hard.

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Thursday Feb. 28th

Nothing much doing today.  Worked on cars some this P.M. Got orders tonight to be ready to go to Front tomorrow.

Friday March 1st

Spent most of day getting ready + packing up to go.  Order came about 6 P.M. that they didn’t need me.  Heard Dr. Shankin of Wesleyan speak this eve over in dug out.  Snowing + cold – not so sorry I’m not going.

Saturday March 2nd

Snowing + blowing + cold. Short drill this A.M. Nothing doing this P.M.

Sunday March 3rd

Punk day – nothing doing.

Monday Mar. 4th

Drill this A.M. Snow. Short hike this P.M.

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Tuesday Mar. 5th

Drill this A.M. On guard at 1:30.

Wednesday Mar. 6th

Fine day – warm

Off guard at 1:30

Thursday Mar 7th

Fine day. Drill this A.M. Hike this P.M.

Friday Mar. 8th

Warm + like spring. Drill this A.M. Played ball + quakes this P.M. (Quakes may be a form of craps.)

Saturday Mar 9th.

Calisthenics this A.M. General clean up. Inspection this P.M.

Sunday Mar. 10th

Packing + cleaning up. Getting ready to go to trenches again. Company left this P.M. Drove up one car, came back with some “C” men.  Was driven back again.  Meantime guns set up.  On gun guard soon as back. Quietly off at 12:30 A.M. Up again at 4:45 A.M. to

Page 33

Monday Mar. 11th

stand to. Breakfast + to bed. Gun guard + digging at 11:30 A.M. Relieved at 4:30 P.M. Not much excitement.

Tuesday Mar. 12th

Gun guards at 1:30 A.M. off at 7:00 A.M. Gas guard at (12 over 4 or 4 over 12) 30 A.M.

Wednesday Mar. 13th

Some gas + a few shells this A.M.  Off guard at 4:30 P.M. Out at 7:00 – find (sic) until 9:30. On gun guard at 1:30 – off at 7:00 A.M.

Thursday Mar. 14th

Guard again at 4:30 off at 8 P.M. On again at 1:30 A.M. off at 7 A.M.

Friday Mar. 15th

On guard from 12:30 – 4:30 and from 8 – 1:30 P.M.

Mar. 16th 1918

On again from 12:30 P.M. to 4:30 P.M. heavy gas shelling.  Packed up + left for Vregny

Page 34

Sunday Mar. 17th

On K.P. all day. Worked hard.

Monday Mar. 18th

Rolled packs – in cars + off at 9 A.M. Drove to one station beyond Soissons – dinner – loaded cars + luggage on train. Off at about 4:30 P.M. In box cars – no sleep.

Tuesday Mar. 19th

Up at 7 A.M. Unloaded cars + luggage – breakfast – off again overland at 9 A.M. Brienne le Chateau to Fontaine. Nice little town.  On guard + drew “orderly.” Couple of luxurious chateaus – officers quarters. Whole bunch of us quartered in a big old mill.

Wednesday Mar. 20th

Off guard at 1:00 P.M. Went to Bar sur Aube – great town. Good feed etc.

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Thursday Mar. 21st

Inspection this A.M.

Hike up a mountain here this P.M. Went to town – had a good feed and went to “movies”

Friday Mar. 22nd

Short drill this A.M. Played ball. Spent rest of day packing up. Swim.

Saturday Mar. 23rd

Fine day. Up at 5:15 rolled packs and off at 8 A.M. Rode about 10 miles. Beautiful country. Stopped at Colombey (Colomby) – slept in a regular bed with “Bob” + “Dock”. Great sleep.

Sunday Mar 24th

Moved out at about 10 A.M. Stopped at Vignory – all put up in a big barn. Downtown in evening. Took a walk – Old

Page 36

Castle on hill. Slept in hay.

Monday Mar. 25th

Up early and off at 7 A.M. Stopped at St. Blin. Expect to stay here a while. Spent day in straightening out.

Tuesday Mar. 26th

Cleaned up this A.M. for inspection. Took a bath this P.M.

Wednesday Mar. 27th

Cleaned up billets + guns + pistols for inspection. Dental inspection this P.M.

Thursday Mar. 28th

General show down inspection lasting all day. Ball game with 104th this P.M. Went over to see Ken Page at Manois this evening. Also saw Hersey from Kent. Had a good time.

Friday Mar. 29th

Rain. Did some packing this A.M.

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Nothing much doing.

Saturday Mar. 30th

Rain. Nothing much doing. Got day off. Went over to Manois but 104th had gone.

Sunday Mar. 31st Easter.

Rain. Went to services at Y.M.C.A. Read this P.M. Went to Y.M. this eve.

Monday April 1st

Rain. Up at 3:45 A.M. Packed + ready to start at 5:50 A.M. 1st platoon off in Fr. Trucks. Rode all day through Neuf-Chateau + Toul. Hiked about 2 ½ miles to camp at Menil la Tour. Mud a foot deep all around. On guard worst luck. Punk night. Borden was a picnic side of this place.

Tuesday April 2nd

Rain but clearing at noon. Off guard at 11:30 A.M. American Sector here. Regulars. Balloon. Menil la Tour

Page 38

Wednesday April 3rd

Cloudy. Nothing much doing. Down to Menil this P.M. with Bill Hart + had supper – eggs + wine.

Thursday Apr. 4th

Cloudy + rain. Played cards all day.

Friday Apr. 5th

Fine day. Played cards.

Cleaned guns + pistols.

Saturday April 6th

Cloudy Nothing much doing.

Sunday Apr. 7th

Rain + cloudy. On K.P. all day.

Monday Apr. 8th

Rain hard. Played cards + read all day.

Tuesday Apr. 9th

Rain. Cards this A.M. Worked this P.M. on road.

Wednesday Apr. 10th

On guard at 1:00 P.M.

Thursday Apr. 11th

Off guard at

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At 1 P.M.  Gas scare last night. Slept + took bath this afternoon. Went to “movies” at Y.M. in evening.

Friday Apr. 12th

Orderly today. Nothing much doing. Bunch off on hurry call.

Saturday Apr. 13th

Worked on incinerator today. Short drill this P.M. Cards.

Sunday Apr. 14th

On K.P. all day

Monday Apr. 15th

Rainy. Cleaned guns. Cards. Read. Report that boys got two guns from Bosch (Germans).

Tuesday Apr. 16th

Rain. Gas drill. Read Cards Wrote.

Wednesday Apr. 17th

Cards + read this A.M. On guard at 1 P.M. Bunch came back this evening. Were in a hot place

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lots of exciting stories. Brought back all sorts of German souvenirs.

Thursday Apr. 18th

Off guard at 1 P.M. Took bath this P.M. Read + wrote.

Friday Apr. 19th

Rainy. Orderly today. Nothing much doing. Inspection.

Saturday Apr. 20th

Quite noisy. Gas this A.M. at 5 o’clock. All prepared to go at any minute. Cleaned ammunition this P.M. Slept alert this evening.

Sunday Apr. 21st

Rainy. Church this A.M. Read. Mail from home.

Monday Apr. 22nd

Big attack on this front 102 + 104 lost lot of men.  All packed + ready any time to move. Expected a call last night. Have to sleep with clothes

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on now. Rainy.

Tuesday Ap. 23rd

Sun for short time now rain. Short drill this A.M. Nothing much doing. Couple fellows from 102nd told of experiences this P.M.

Wednesday Apr. 24th

Rain. Short drill this A.M. Nothing doing.

Thursday Apr. 25th

Sun. Short drill. Hard rain this P.M.

Friday Apr. 26th

Nothing doing this A.M. Short drill this P.M.

Ball game. Hurry call about 6 P.M. Off in a short time + had long ride. Landed at a place near St. Agnan + after walk of about 3 miles with equipment Set up guns in woods. Went back to P. C. on ration detail. Early morning when

Page 42

back to Positions.

Saturday Apr. 27th

Slept little last night. Have to stay in open trenches – no shelter or dugouts. Sun shone all day + we slept.

Sunday Apr. 28th

On guard and at 3 A.M. we got S. O. S. signal. We fired a 11 minute barrage and they say it was good. Cloudy and started to rain this P.M. Raining hard, all soaked , mud. Awful night. Another S.O.S. at 11 P.M. and we fired another barrage – short one. Lot of artillery action.

Monday Apr 29th

All look like drowned rats this A.M. Rain still. Wet, hungry, cold. Sneaked down to infantry dugout this A.M. + got warm. Cleared off. Half of crowd went to dugouts in

Page 43

rear.  We were relieved at 8 P.M. Went on food detail this P.M. Awful long + rough walk. 2 miles. Dugout pretty good. Fire in it. Turned in about 12 o’clock – dead tired.

Tuesday Apr. 30th

Pretty good sleep. Up to guns at 8 A.M.  Weather clear. Slept a little this P.M. All pulled out of this hole at 9 P.M. Left six guns in new posts with four men on each. Rest of us went on to Liouville. Quarters good – good supplies. Staying in old wine cellar underground. One + ½ mi. to lines. Town not hurt much – some people here – pro-Germans. On guard to 11 P.M. Our bunch carry food to men on outposts.

Wednesday May 1st

Rain. Nothing much doing. Off guard

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at 11 P.M.

Thursday May 2

Fine day. Sunshine – quite warm. On food detail this A.M. Went in old church here. Very pretty for little town. Rolled packs this P.M. 102nd relieved us this evening. Left here about 12 o’clock and went to (left blank).

Friday May 3rd

Got up late. Feeling punk. Nothing doing all day. Moved into private billet this evening. 6 of us in one room good beds.

Saturday May 4th

Weather still good. Pretty town. Paid today. On guard at 1 P.M. Feed tonight.

Sunday May 5th

Off guard this A.M. Went over to Aulnois to Yale Mobile Hosp. Unit this P.M.  Saw Len Beadle +

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Jes Willard. Bud Clark wasn’t in. Rained this P.M. Had supper with Pete Sargent.

Monday May 6th

Fine day. On fatigue. Nothing much doing. Feed this evening.

Tuesday May 7th

On K.P. all day. Letter from Irene Plige from Merrifield.  Co. B played ball with 103rd Eng.  after supper, beat them 5-0.

Wednesday May 8th

Rain. Wrote letters + played cards. Feed tonight.

Thursday May 9th

Inspected this A.M. Lot of fellows had to go to hospital + get a scrub + a rub.

Friday Mar 10th (May 10)

Pretty good day. Nothing much doing. Ike had to leave us today. Ben Baum

Page 46

is up with us now. Feed tonight.

Saturday Mar. 11th (May 11)

Warm day. Nothing much doing. In P.M. went to Yale Unit, saw Bud Clark, Ken + Jess. Storm came up + I stayed to supper.

Sunday Mar. 12th (May 12)

Went to communion service held by Dr. Miel + later to mass meeting. Ball game this P.M. Tie score in 7th + had to call game because of rain. Band of 103 + YMCA girls there

Monday May 13th

Wrote letters. Walk this P.M. Played cards all evening.

Tuesday May 14th

Nothing much doing this A.M. Cleaned guns this P.M. Practice game of ball.

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Wednesday. May 15

Wrote letters. Went in gas house this A.M. Bath this P.M.

Thursday May 16th

Warm day. Walked up on hill this A.M. Played ball this afternoon with 102nd. Ball game this evening with Yale Mobile Unit score 6-2 our favor. Rode over in cars.

Friday May 17th

Nothing doing this A.M. Warm day.

Saturday May 18th

Fine day. Ball game this P.M. with 103rd. Won again. 101st Band.

Sunday May 19th

On K.P. all day. Ball game with 101st eng. got trimmed. Rain.

Monday May 20th

Warm day. Ball game 2nd team U.S. 103rd. Won again. Good game.

Page 48

Tuesday May 21st

Fine day. News of moving. On guard Pack up this P.M. Farewell supper at Rose’s. Out at 7 P.M. Beautiful ride thru woods. Warm, still, moonlight. Off at Ausonville. Part of Co. took up positions. Rest of us back to the old swamp again. Slept in car.

Wednesday May 22nd

Beautiful weather. Pitched pup tents in woods. Went over to see Elsie Janis in outdoor entertainment by Y. M. She sure did give us all a great time. Northy and Stan went up to front this evening.

Thursday May23rd

On K.P. all day. Hard day – lots of work.

Friday May 24th

Colder. Rainy. On guard at 1:00 P.M. Corp. (corporal) of guard. Nothing much doing.

Page 49

Saturday May 25th

Nothing doing this P.M. Off guard at 1.0 P.M. Took bath. Walk to Sanzy.

Sunday May 26th

Down to Menil la Tour this P.M. Ball game with 101st Eng. Boxing, band. On guard this evening.

Monday May 27th

Off guard at 1:00 P.M. Nothing doing.

Tuesday May 28th

Saw Wood – Olive Wood’s brother from E. City. On guard at 1. P.M.

Wednesday May 29th

Off guard at 1. P.M. Down to Menil la Tour  after supper. Minstrel show, band. Dixie + I went to Royaumix to see couple Lieutenants. Fine time.

Thursday May. 30th

Went to Bouque this P.M. in Trucks. Punk

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ball game and punk boxing bouts.

May 31st Friday

On K.P. all day.

June 1st Saturday

Nothing much doing all day. Ball game this evening with engineers.

June 2nd Sunday

Paid this A.M. Took walk this P.M. Saw ball game. Went to concert this evening. Miss Kerne – Metropolitan soprano. 101st band.

June 3rd Monday

Played cards this P.M. Down to Menil la Tour  + Rayoumix. Over to Lieut. Kramer’s place.

June 4th Tuesday

On K.P. all day. Feel pretty punk.

June 5th Wednesday

Down to Y.M. this A.M. Played cards this afternoon.

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Ball game + show this evening at camp Snelling.

June 6th Thursday

Sick. In bed all day.

Friday June 7th

In bed this A.M. Up a short time this afternoon. Back to bed early.

Saturday June 8th

Loafed around most of day. Ball game this P.M. with old Co. A.

Sunday June 9th

Hung around. Walked to Royaumix this A.M. Ball game this P.M. concert band + speaker after supper.

Monday June 10th

Came up to front tonight + took Morril’s place. In big woods.

Tuesday June 11th

Played cards. Pretty good place up here.

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mail tonight.

Wednesday June 12th

All had to “stand to” from 2 A.M. on. Some big shells dropped very close. Slept all morning. Came home this evening. Shelled road while we were walking down to Bernicourt. One darn close call.

Thursday June 13th

Up rather late. Took baths this P.M. + got cloths. Down to show this evening.

Friday June 14th

To Y.M.C.A. this A.M. Had pictures taken this P.M.

Saturday June 15th

3rd platoon came back last night. Band concert at 51st brigade hdq.

Sunday June 16th

Shelled Royaumix this A.M. Church service

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Y.M. this P.M.

Monday June 17th

Rain. On working detail beyond Mandrais. Nothing doing this P.M.

Tuesday June 18th

On K.P. all day. S.A. this evening Pie + coffee.

Wednesday June 19th

Shelled Royaumix again this A.M. Short order drill.

Thursday June 20th

Rainy. Short drill. Got pictures this eve. Stopped at S.A. and got pie and coffee.

Friday June 21st

Cleaned guns. Short drill. Inspection of guns + exercises this P.M.

Saturday June 22nd

Rainy. On working detail near Mandrais this A.M. Took

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baths over near Bouque this P.M.

Sunday June 23rd

Church this A.M.

On guard at 1 P.M.

Monday June 24th

Off guard at 1 P.M. Short drill. On working detail all afternoon. Ball game

Tuesday June 25th

Packed up and cleaned up whole camp this A.M. Left this P.M. for Foug. Nice town – quite large. In good barracks.

Wednesday June 26th

Went to Toul (Dommartin-les-Toul) – walked in. Great dinner – nice town – wonderful feed at Y.M.C.A. for supper. Stopped on way back to see 82nd Div. 5 miles over. Pretty tired but had great time. Good bath here in morning. Went thru ammunition factory here.

Page 55

Thursday June 27

Took walk this A.M. + P.M. Thru factories. K. Page came over this evening.

Friday June 28

Walked around all day – beaucoup de bus.

Saturday June 29th

Packed up this A.M. + rode short dist. to Void. Large town but nothing doing. Had swim. Prommenade (sic) ce soir.

Sunday June 30th

Up early for breakfast. Started on journey at 6:30 stopped at Vitrey le François. Good ride was lot of country. Large town – pretty – good time ce soir.

Monday July 1

Up early + early start – long ride to Coulommes. Saw lot of country – farming

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aviation – camps. In late. Good supper at one of houses. Pup tent camp.

Tuesday July 2nd

Walk this A.M. After wood with truck. Great dusty ride. 18 miles from Paris.

Wednesday July 3rd

Moved tents. Nothing much doing all day.

Thursday July 4th

On K.P. no rations till 3 P.M. Only coffee for dinner. Paid at 5:30. Great feed at house with couple fellows. Everybody happy ce soir.

Friday July 5th

Nothing doing all day. Had a wonderful feed this eve at 5:30 P.M. at farmhouse. Broke camp + loaded on cars at 8 P.M. On trucks. Rode till 10:30 P.M. Held up in La Ferte until 5:30 A.M. Met 59th going in.

Page 57

Saturday July 6th

Slept in Fr. taxis parked in square. Started off at 5:30 + went about 2 mi. to next town. Stayed here all day. Slept – only cup of coffee to eat.  Pulled out at 5 P.M. Stayed up in patch of wood till dark – then came up here to woods on road to Chateau Thierry. Supper at 12 o’clock. Slept in shallow pits in ground.

Sunday July 7th

Spent morning improving our holes to sleep in. Dr Hesselgrave came up this P.M.

Monday July 8th

Nothing much doing all day. Played cards.

Tuesday July 9th

Made our dugout bomb-proof. Played cards.

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Wednesday July 10th

Nothing doing in particular. Played cards. Rainy.

Thursday June 11th

Rainy. Nothing doing.

Friday July 12th

No excitement. Rainy, muddy.

Saturday July 13th

Rainy. Went into Montreul this A.M. to infirmary. Saw kitchen. Packed up this eve and moved about mile farther toward line in another woods. Hiked. Had to “stand to” all night with rest of division in expectation of attack. Nothing doing. Cold.

Sunday July 14th

Got settled in new place this A.M. Pup tents in wood. Slept most all day

Monday July 15th

Cleaned up the place.

Page 59

Gas mask inspection and drill this P.M. Went after straw after supper. Hell broke loose soon after in bed. All up + had to roll rolls in the dark. Hell of a time. Stand to all night + then nothing doing.

Tuesday July 16th

Slept most of day. Rain. Pistol inspection + drill. M.G. inspection.

Wednesday July 17th

Rain. Nothing much doing all day. Most of crowd left for front tonight. Corporal + 3 men from each squad. Thunder showers most of night. Say they had a tough night of it.

Thursday July 18th

Nothing doing all day. Rest of us got orders to move up to-night. Carried grub from cars to bunch with full

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pack. Hell of a racket. Laying around in woods.

Friday July 19th

Sat around all day in same place. Moved out tonight. Back in trucks to same old place. Late supper.

Saturday July 20th

Pitched shelter halfs this A.M. Nothing doing all day. Good reports from front. All got baths this P.M. We needed them.

Sunday July 21st

Up + rolled packs before breakfast.

 


And that is the end. There is no more to Hezekiah Scovil Porter's diary, save some brief notes on where he served, in someone else's handwriting.

On Monday, July 22, 1918, his unit went into battle, and Hez was killed.

From Yale in the World War (George Henry Nettleton, Yale University Press, 1925; pages 324-325), quoting a letter written shortly afterwards by a "Yale classmate and comrade-in-arms," comes this description of his death:

Two guns had been placed in a wood, and ammunition was needed. "Hez" was one of the detail to take it up. They had to cross a wheat field, and a splinter [shrapnel] caught him square in the chest.

History of the 101st Machine Gun Battalion has a longer description of the action from the "War Diary of a Machine Gunner," compiled from the field diaries of several of the soldiers by the Rev. Charles E. Hesselgrave, a Congregational minister serving overseas with the YMCA.

JULY 22. At daybreak both companies were sent out into some woods overlooking Trugny to assist the attack of Major Rau's battalion against the town. We could not locate any enemy to fire at, and the best we could do was to wait to protect Rau's left against possible counter- attack. We were shelled and M. G. bullets flew pretty thick. Bristol of C Co. was wounded. After a while the attack crumbled in spite of Rau's gallant efforts against impossible odds, and the troops were withdrawn to the old positions. A little later C Co. was sent over to the right to join Rau. There they found him with only a few of his men left. The guns were set up on the edge of the wood in a defensive position. B Co. got orders to support an attack of the 102d Inf. on the town of Epieds over on the left flank. The company formed a fourth wave behind the infantry, and spread out into a long skirmish line. The advance started over the open wheat field at a slow walk, with frequent halts during which each man flattened out so tliat no moving thing was visible in the field. M. G. bullets began to kick u]) little puffs of dust all around us, and the enemy artillery barrage came down fiercely just ahead. We knew we would have to go through this, and every nerve was tense. We soon found ourselves in the midst of it—direct fire at that, mostly from one pounders, and 105's and Austrian 88's which come with the shriek of a thousand devils. The fumes choked us and the concussions half stunned us. It was here that Hez Porter, following his platoon leader, was instantly killed. Corcoran, Dick and Wendt were wounded. An infantry captain just ahead called frantically to us to put an enemy M. G. out of business. He pointed out a pile of barrels where the gun was supposed to be hidden, and two guns of Lt. Sandberg's platoon, Sgt. Hart's section, went into action in the edge of some woods and peppered the spot for some time. It was here that the whole attack was checked, and we got word from the infantry that it was pulling back and that we should do the same on our own hook. The company was drawn to the left into cover of woods, reformed, and sent back, skirting around a rise for concealment. We assembled in a patch of wood a little way back and waited for possible counter-attack and to cover the withdrawal of the doughboys if necessary. They came filtering back, bringing their wounded with them, and soon we were also returned to our old place where the guns were set up to repel any attack that might come from the left. Dr. Hesselgrave appeared with cigarettes and chocolate which was indeed welcome, as we had nothing to eat. This was not a healthy place for the Doctor to be in, but we knew he would come to us when we needed him most. There was a dressing-station near us, and it was awful to see the wounded and shell-shocked fellows brought in. About 6 p. m. the Boche put down a fearful artillery barrage close in front of us, and we were pulled back a hundred yards to escape the effects of this fire. A detail had been digging a grave for Porter, but were unable to finish. A bit later, orders came from Division that we would go back into reserve for a time. We thought our troubles were about over for that day, but were mistaken. Down on the road near Champluisant Farm, just east of Sacerie, our ma- chines were lined up, waiting to take us out, and as we were loading up there came the familiar shriek and two shell burst in the field close by. A moment later there came a deafening blast — all was confusion. Two more shell had exploded together right among our cars. Two of them were overturned. We got the wounded into cars as quickly as possible but, to make matters worse, a mule-cart had become wedged in the road ahead and blocked all traffic, so we could not move out. Finally the way was cleared and the cars with the wounded made for the first-aid station at Sacerie Farm. Harold Smith and Ralph Henry of B Co. died. Brackett, Weld, Olschefskie, Hampson, Haskins, Barber, Maun, Rogers, Burden, Fothergill, Mercer, Burnham, Sancyzk of B Co. and Fabryk of C Co. wounded. Robinson and Gunning of B Co. shell-shocked. Our cars had been doing fine service most all day in taking out wounded. Two of C Co's cars were hit and one wrecked. At last we found ourselves in bivouac in the woods.

JULY 25. ... A detail went back and buried Porter.

More details about his burial are from the Geni genealogical website entry for Hezekiah Scovil Porter, compiled, I believe, by Charles E. Rounds, Jr., grandson of Hezekiah's brother, Philip Wells Porter.

A photograph of the temporary gravesite is in the possession of Charles E. Rounds, Jr., 107 Mt. Vernon St., Boston, MA 02108 (2013). In the photograph are two of his comrades who had survived the battle. One is from Wethersfield, Connecticut (State Street) and one is from Waterbury, Vermont. The Vermonter is Wagoner Arthur A Barlow, a farmer, who was born Aug. 10, 1895. The Connecticut man is Sergeant Everett H. Hart, born July 10, 1894, who in civilian life had been a "member" of the Chas. C. Hart Seed Co. Bordering the field, just beyond the grave-site, is a thick forest of mostly birch saplings. The underbrush is heavy.

In a letter. dated July 27, 1918, more details of the initial "make-shift" interment of the remains of Hezekiah Scovil Porter are communicated in a letter from his commanding officer (Philip S. Wainwright) to Whitney Scovil Porter (one of Hezekiah's brothers): "...The grave is marked near the head by a cross-shaped blaze on a tree with "Hezekiah S. Porter--101st. M.G.B. U.S.A.--July 22d, 1918" carved into the wood. His helmet is also placed at the head on a bayonet with his name scratched on it. I removed his wallet which contained a small sum of French money and his diamond ring, which was all the personal property we could find." [The referenced wallet, which is bloodstained, is in the possession of William Porter Wightman, grandson of the said Whitney Scovil Porter (2017)].

Hez's remains were later retrieved and given a permanent resting place in the Oise-Aisne American Cemetery, Fere-en-Tardenois (Aisne), France: Plot A, Row 4, Grave 18.

Requiescat in pace, Hezekiah Scovil Porter.

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